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Higher Order Thinking Skills

Page history last edited by Andrea Brownstein 12 years ago



These are the kinds of questions that demonstrate higher order thinking skills:

COMPREHENSION: understanding information, translating knowledge into new context, interpreting facts, compaing, contrasing, infering cause, predicting consequences.

  • Question Cues: summarize, describe, interpret, contrast, predict, associate, distinguish, estimate, differentiate, discuss, extend

APPLICATION: use information, methods, concepts, & theories in new situations; solve problems using required skills or knowledge.

  • Questions Cues: apply, demonstrate, calculate, complete, illustrate, show, solve, examine, modify, relate, change, classify, experiment, discover

ANALYSIS: seeing pattern, organizing parts, recognizing hidden meaning, identifying components

  • Question Cues: analyze, separate, order, explain, connect, classify, arrange, divide, compare, select, explain, infer

SYNTHESIS: use old ideas to create new one, generalize from given facts, combine knowledge from several area, predict, draw conclusions.

  • Question Cues: combine, integrate, modify, rearrange, substitute, plan, create, design, invent, what if?, compose, formulate, prepare, generalize, rewrite

EVALUATION: discriminate among ideas, assess value of theories or presentation, make choices based on reasoned argumen, verify value of evidenc, recognize subjectivity

  • Question Cues: assess, decide, rank, grade, test, measure, recommend, convince, select, judge, explain, discriminate, support, conclude, compare, summarize


This is a lower order thinking skill:


  • observation and recall of information
  • knowledge of dates, events, places
  • identification of major ideas
  • Question Cues: list, define, tell, describe, identify, show, label, collect, examine, tabulate, quote, name, who, when, where, etc.





Benjamin S. Bloom Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. Allyn and Bacon, Boston, MA., Copyright 1984 by Pearson Education. Adapted by permission of the publisher.

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